1.0 PRE-EMPLOYMENT PHYSICAL EXAMINATION
Pre-employment examinations reassure management that the employee is physically fit to
perform the work and has no risky communication disease or mental condition. A physician asked to undertake pre-employment
examination must ensure that the patient has given free informed consent. Consent should be for specific and relevant history
and physical examination. The physician should resist employer demands to collect information on matters that to him do not
appear relevant to the work in question. After the examination the prospective employee may instruct the examining doctor
not to disclose the medical report to the employer. He cannot ask for selective non-disclosure of specific items in the report
because that would constitute deception. The request for non-disclosure should be respected in all circumstances but it has
the implication that employment will not be granted. The prospective employee has a right of access to the medical report
written about him or her.
2.0 PRE-EMPLOYMENT TESTING FOR INFECTIOUS DISEASE
Testing for some infectious diseases like HIV and HBV may be required for some jobs. The
prospective employee must give consent after being informed of the purpose of the testing and to whom the results will be
disclosed. The prospective employee may require that results be disclosed to him before being disclosed to his prospective
employer and he has a right after that to refuse any further disclosures.
3.0 PRE-EMPLOYMENT TESTING FOR ADDICTION TO DRUGS AND ALCOHOL
With the informed consent of the prospective employee, testing for addictive substances
like drugs and alcohol can be undertaken. The results can be communicated to the employer only with permission of the prospective
employee. No results can be communicated to law enforcement agencies without informed consent. Counseling about drug addiction
is a duty that the examining doctor must undertake and it does not require informed consent because it is part of the public
duty of enjoining good and forbidding evil. It however must be carried out in private.
4.0 PRE-EMPLOYMENT PSYCHOLOGICAL TESTING
Pre-employment psychological testing with informed consent can be carried out to assess
employee aptitude for certain work tasks or to discover psychological vulnerabilities that will put him or others at risk
in the course of performing the work.
5.0 PRE EMPLOYMENT GENETIC SCREENING
Pre-employment genetic screening is allowed on the basis that workers with genetic predisposition
should not be exposed to certain workplace hazards. Such testing can be carried out only after informed consent. Genetic screening
cannot be carried out routinely. There must be a rationale related to the job or to the medical history of the prospective
employee necessitating genetic screening. If this condition is not fulfilled such screening could be considered as possibly
discriminative. Also care must be taken to ensure that genetic data is interpreted by an expert to avoid a biased view.