created 2 different and distinct genders as a pair and from the same source. Each gender should maintain its biological, psychological,
emotional, and social identity. The Law prohibits trans-sexual dressing, talking, behaving, and socializing. The man and the
woman complement one another. Gender awareness develops in children but sexual awareness develops towards puberty. Socialization
also plays a role in strengthening gender awareness.
separation has been used in a wrong way to discriminate against women on the basis of their gender in both ancient and modern
communities. Islam emphasizes gender identity while rejecting all forms of gender-based discrimination. The Law equalizes
the guilt and their punishment of men and women. It also equalizes the reward for good work.
EXPRESSION OF HUMAN SEXUALITY
desire, shahwat, is normal and is satisfied legally only through marriage. Islam
forbids complete rejection and suppression of the sexual instinct. God created in each gender features that attract the other
gender. Human sexual attraction is enhanced by clothes, perfume, dyeing the hair etc. Shaitan exploits the sexual attraction
between the genders to inflame passions that lead to sexual transgression.
REGULATION OF HUMAN SEXUALITY
Law regulates sexual relations. Severe punishment is imposed for illegal sexual relations. Puasa can control sexual desire. Modesty, haya, is an inner spiritual
protective device that makes a person shun sin and what may lead to it. Society’s revulsion to sexual impropriety is
a psychological barrier to zina. Open broadcast of sexual misbehavior as well as false accusation of marital infidelity create tolerance
for promiscuity. Those who commit zina are not allowed to marry the chaste and
their evidence is rejected.
following measures against antecedents of zina are prescribed by the Law: covering
nakedness; prohibition of seclusion,
khalwat; prohibition of free mixing of the genders, ikhtilat; prohibition of sexual display, tabarruj; and respecting the privacy of the home, hurmat al bayt.
HUMAN SEXUALITY AND MARRIAGE
is a natural human institution that protects against sexual immorality. Desire for sexual satisfaction is a major reason for
marriage. Sexual attractiveness is a continuous process that is necessary to bind the 2 spouses together. The sexual relation
in marriage is wider that coitus. It involves social and psychological bonding. The husband and wife have to be close physically,
psychologically and emotionally. The sexual relation is private not to be disclosed to third parties. Protection of chastity, ghiirat, is a drive in the spouse
and other members of the family to protect the chastity of both males and females.
is a permanent institution and cannot be a temporary sexual relationship. Four temporary sexual relations are forbidden: temporary
marriage; prostitution; adultery between consenting adults, zina; and marriage with the hidden intention to divorce after a time. Prohibition of marriage with close relations,
maharim, ensures social intercourse within
the extended family without fear of sexual transgression.
serves 2 purposes: reproduction and sexual enjoyment. Marriage is annulled when
coitus is physically impossible and there is no hope for a medical or surgical solution. Both husband and wife have rights
to sexual satisfaction. Coitus is an act of love and not mere physical satisfaction. It should be approached with that end
in mind. Foreplay is a sunnat and it allows both parties to be psychologically and physiologically prepared. Coitus interruptus
('azl) is permitted but cannot be done without the permission of the wife. Any coital position is allowed as long as coitus is vaginal. Vaginal coitus from the back
is allowed. Anal intercourse is forbidden with both women and men. Homosexuality, liwaat, and lesbianism, sihaaq,
are major sins and are forbidden. Wudhu between copulations is recommended. Bath,
ghusl, after intercourse is obligatory. Coitus is forbidden during menstruation,
post natal or post abortal bleeding, during daytime when in puasa, during the period
of ihram in hajj, and in the mosque. Coitus is permissible during lactation. The following acts are forbidden while in sexual
ritual impurity, janabat: reciting the
Qur'an, salat, and tawaaf,