ENJOINING KINDNESS TO ANIMALS
for animals is enjoined by all religions. Saving animals from danger is a noble act. There is a moral reward for kindness
PROHIBITING CRUELTY TO ANIMALS
and physical abuse of animals are prohibited. There is severe punishment is reserved for cruel treatment if animals. Face
branding, beating, cursing, sexual abuse, and wanton killing of animals are forbidden.
ANIMAL RESEARCH: PURPOSE and RELEVANCE
purpose of animal research is to spare humans from risk. Findings in animals are relevant to humans because of similarities
in physiology and biochemistry. However findings in animals cannot be directly transferred to humans; research on humans is
still necessary for a definitive conclusion. Animal research is exploratory and is not definitive. Some question the need
for animal research altogether!
THE LAW AND ANIMAL EXPERIMENTATION
position of the Law is that animal experiments are allowed if a prima facie case can be established that the result
of the research is a necessity, dharuurat. Dharuurat under the Law is what is necessary for human life. The
regulations of necessity require that no more than the absolute minimum necessary should be done.
research has definite risks for the animals that are not balanced by any benefits: pain, suffering, permanent injury, inhumane
treatment and operations, and being killed (sacrificed). Thus use of animals in justifiable on the basis of benefiting humans
and not any benefits that accrue to the animals. The risks to humans from animal research are minimal in the short term; long-term
effects are difficult to fathom.
OUTSTANDING ETHICO-LEGAL ISSUES
are limits to deriving benefits from animals. Humans were not given a carte blanche to exploit animals in any way they liked.
They have to conform to the Law and moral guidelines.
the results of animal experimentation will lead to protection of human life, then research is allowed to proceed because then
it is a necessity. This is similar to killing animals for food, a necessity for human life. If research is for general scientific
curiosity unrelated to any tangible human benefit, then it is not allowed..
types of animals used in research cannot be subjected to unnecessary pain and suffering. Animals whose flesh is edible are
preferably used in research. Use of animals that are haram like the pig should be avoided as much as possible and should be
considered only in cases of dharurat.
Animals, like humans, have rights to enjoyment of life and good health. The researcher
must therefore minimize animal suffering. The animals must be shown kindness and respect. They should not be subjected to
the psychological pain of seeing other animals in pain or being sacrificed. Pain must be minimized both during the experiment
and when the animal is being terminally sacrificed.
long-term effects of the experiment on the animal must be considered and efforts made to decrease suffering and pain. The
nutritional and medical needs of the animal must be taken care of before, during, and after the research.