Medical treatment may involve destruction (antibiotics, cytotoxics, anti-metabolites, antagonists,
antitoxins, and detoxification), replacement (hormones, fluids, and electrolytes), biological modification & modulation,
psycho-active therapy, and supportive treatment (diet, rest, analgesia etc).
It is prohibited to use material classified as prohibited, haram, or filthy, najasat, as treatment except in situations of necessity,
What is prohibited as food or drink is also prohibited as medicine. Exceptions are made
in cases of dharuurat.
Medicine taken orally does not nullify the state of ablution, wudhu. Medicine given per rectum nullifies the state of ablution. Subcutaneous or intravenous or intramuscular
injections do not nullify ablution unless there is extensive external bleeding.
Any medicine taken orally or rectally or any insertion of a scope will nullify puasa. Any medicine that is taken but is not swallowed and is vomited out is considered like vomitus and will
nullify fasting, puasa.
procedures include resection, restorative/reconstructive surgery, transplantation, blood transfusion, anesthesia, and critical
of whole blood or blood components is widely accepted and raises few legal or ethical issues. Blood donation is analogous
to organ donation by a living donor.
blood is not considered filth, najasat, because it is not spilled blood. Blood transfusion is allowed on the basis
is no problem in blood donation between people of different religions and races because they share human brotherhood. There
is no problem in blood transfusion between a man and a woman.
transfusion does not abrogate the state of ablution, wudhu, of the donor or the
Sale of blood is controversial. Some permit it using the
analogy of sale of milk by wet nurse who is paid for her services.
emergency treatment/critical care, financial considerations complicate the picture when destitute patients who cannot pay
present at the emergency room.
childhood immunization has been associated with decreased incidence of childhood infectious diseases. There are however arguments
that it was the general improvement in health and social conditions and not immunization that was responsible for the decline
of childhood infectious disease
the diseases are rare, voices have been raised against immunization as presenting unacceptable risks that outweigh potential
diseases even if they occur are known to be milder than during the pre-vaccinations era and therefore do not require vaccination.
parents in practice do not take their children for immunization and the children are healthy
are also arguments against mandatory mass immunization based on human rights that it cannot be imposed on families by the
Other permitted treatment modalities are irradiation, immunotherapy, and genetic