OF CHILD ABUSE
abuse also called cruelty to children the willful infliction of pain and suffering on children through physical, sexual, or
emotional mistreatment. Prior to the 1970s, the term child abuse normally referred only to physical mistreatment, but since
then its application has expanded to include, in addition to inordinate physical violence, unjustifiable verbal abuse; the
failure to furnish proper shelter, nourishment, medical treatment, or emotional support; incest and other cases of sexual
molestation or rape; and the use of children in prostitution or pornography.
INTERVENTION IN CHILD ABUSE1
remedies for child abuse range from the incarceration of the offender to the removal of the abused child from the custody
of parents or others guilty of committing the crime. With proper social and psychotherapeutic intervention, many child abusers
can be helped.
TO PARENTAL RIGHTS- THE GILLICK CASE
health authority published a policy that children under 16 could be given contraceptives without parental consent. Mrs Gillick,
a mother of 5 daughters, took a test case to court to challenge this. Her argument that the consent of a child below 16 years
was not valid unless the parents consented. The House of Lords (the highest court in England) ruled in favor of the health
authority. It based its ruling on competence of the girl. If she was competent enough to understand the issues involved, she
could get contraceptives from a doctor without parental involvement.
a result of the judgment, ‘Fraser Guidelines’ were issued allowing the doctor to keep his encounter with the child
confidential and not to disclose it to parents except in cases in which the contraceptive was sought in connection with incest,
sexual exploitation, or sexual abuse.
SUMMARY – ACTION IN CASES OF CHILD PROTECTION