1.0 BIRTHING PROCESS
physiology of parturition especially its trigger are not fully understood. The delivery process has many risks for the mother
and the infant.
INFORMED CONSENT FOR CESAREAN SECTION
informed consent of the mother is needed for Cesarean section. There are however differences between Islamic and European
law about refusal of Cesarean section by a competent mother. In European law a competent mother has a right to refuse Cesarean
section even if medical evidence indicates it is necessary in the best interests of the fetus. This is because European law
does not consider an unborn fetus as a separate entity from the mother. Islamic Law on the other hand considers the fetus
an independent legal person who can own property and even pay taxes while still in utero.
Islamic Law therefore does not give the mother absolute rights of refusal of a Cesarean section needed in fetal interests.
The matter has normally to be referred to a court to make a judgment.
3.0 REQUEST FOR AN UNNECESSARY CESEREAN SECTION
for Cesarean delivery that have no medical indications should be considered using the principle of injury by comparing the
benefits against the risks involved. According to Islamic Law fetal interests are considered
separate from maternal interests
RELIEF OF PAIN DURING LABOR
is a false traditional belief that the pain of labor is natural and was ordained to be like that by the Creator. Pain should
be relieved as much as possible. Care should be taken not to sedate the mother to the extent that she cannot meaningfully
cooperate in the birthing process.
5.0 TAHARAT DURING LABOR and DELIVERY
fluid escapes early in the birth process. It is a sterile fluid that may contain varying amounts of meconium. It is not considered
najasat and does not nullify wudhu.
The show contains blood and nullifies wudhu. Complete wudhu may not possible during labor. The mother can do as much as she can and perform tayammum. Ghusl/mandi wajib is recommended at the end birth. The obstetrician
is not obliged to make wudhu or ghusl
because of delivering a baby all what is needed is to wash blood from the clothes and the body. However wudhu is nullified by touching the vagina or the perineum during delivery.
6.0 ACTS OF WORHSIP DURING LABOR and DELIVERY
Salat is not physically possible in the advanced
stages of labor and immediately after delivery. Puasa in labor is not recommended.
Physical activities of hajj are not recommended in advanced pregnancy.
POST-PARTUM BLEEDING, nifaas
vaginal bleeding postpartum is considered nifaas. Vaginal bleeding post abortion
is also considered nifaas provided the diagnosis of a prior pregnancy was confirmed.
In some cases of Cesarean section in which the cervix was not opened, there is no vaginal bleeding and the mother can wash
and pray immediately after birth. The majority of jurists consider 40 days and nights to be the maximum period of nifaas basing on a hadith narrated by Abudaud and Tirmidhi from Umm Salmah. Darqutni also reported from Umm Salmah
that if the flow ceases before 40 days, she can wash, pray, and engage in coitus. Women in post-natal bleeding are excused
from salat like those in menstruation. Post-natal mothers are excused from fasting
but they have to make up later. The rules pertaining to menstruation apply to post-natal bleeding. Touching the Qur’an
is forbidden. Sexual intercourse is forbidden during nifaas. Divorce of a woman
in the post-partum period is prohibited
8.0 THE NEWBORN
books of sunnat have given reasons for the crying of the baby at birth. Every new born is touched by the shaitan,
mass al shaitan 'inda al wilaadat. The fetus has the right to life and the right of inheritance. The infant has the right to a good name as well as general
health care and nutrition. The mother has 3 basic rights: health are and nutrition; shelter; and payment for breast-feeding
if divorced. The following are done for the newborn: adhan and iqamat at birth, naming, tasmiyat,
by choice of a good name; circumcision, shaving the hair, and aqiiqah by the 7th day. Two goats are slaughtered for
a boy and 1 goat is slaughtered for a girl.