also called mercy killing is defined as causing death to spare a patient from pain and suffering. Euthanasia reverses the
customary role of the physician as a preserver into a destroyer of life. Active euthanasia, an act of commission that causes
death, is taking some action that leads to death like a fatal injection. Passive euthanasia, an act of omission, is letting
a person die by taking no action to maintain life. The Law views all forms of euthanasia, active and passive, as murder. Those
who give advice and those who assist in any way with suicide are guilty of homicide. A physician is legally liable for any
euthanasia actions performed even if instructed by the patient.
OF THE RIGHT TO LIFE
violates the Purpose of the Law to guarantee and protect the right to life. It also makes the physician assume God’s
prerogative of causing death. Widespread practice of euthanasia can cheapen human life and make murder and even genocide more
to the principle of intention, there is no distinction between active and passive euthanasia because the end-result is the
same. In many cases the distinction between legitimate life support withdrawal and criminal euthanasia is the underlying intention
because the actions taken may be the same.
principle of injury makes euthanasia illegal because it tries to resolve the problems of pain and suffering of terminal illness
by causing a bigger injury which is killing. Continuation of pain in terminal illness is a lesser evil than euthanasia. Prohibition
of euthanasia closes the door to corrupt relatives killing patients for the sake of inheritance by claiming euthanasia.
patient cannot legally agree to termination of life because life belongs to the Creator and humans are mere temporary custodians.
The determination of lifespan is not in human hands. Patients in terminal illness often lose competence and cannot make valid
informed decisions on their treatment or the termination of life. A living will made before the present illness is a non-binding
recommendation and can be reversed.
is no legal basis for euthanasia. Physicians have no right to interfere with the lifespan that was fixed by the Creator. Disease
will take its natural course until death. Physicians for each individual patient do not know this course. It is therefore
necessary that they concentrate on the quality of the remaining life and not reversal of death. Life support measures should
be taken with the intention of quality in mind. Instead of discussing euthanasia, we should undertake research to find out
how to make the remaining life of as high a quality as is possible. The most that can be done is not to undertake any heroic
measures for a terminally ill patient. However ordinary medical care and nutrition cannot be stopped. This can best be achieved
by the hospital having a clear and public policy on life support with clear admission criteria and application to all patients
without regard for age, gender, SES, race, or diagnosis.