1.0 VAGINAL SECRETIONS
The vagina excretes the menstrual flow in addition to several fluids of its own. The vaginal canal has no glands; its
moisture is a transudate. This fluid is rich in glycogen that is fermented by bacteria in the vaginal wall to produce lactic
acid. Lactic acid protects the vaginal wall from infection by creating a slightly acidic environment. The cervix secretes
some fluids. Bartholin's glands near the introitus are also secretory.
The moisture inside the vaginal canal is not an impurity as long as it is inside the vaginal canal. Inter-menstrual
vaginal discharges are not an impurity. Ritual washing is needed when there is a vaginal discharge following a wet sexual
dream although the fluid itself is not an impurity. All vaginal discharges and any other fluids in the perineal area should
be washed away very quickly because of the high potential of infection.
Chronic vaginal discharges or bleeding do not prevent a woman from prayer. She should wash her vagina, pad it, make
ablution, and pray immediately. Menstrual blood is washed off the cloth. If dry it is scraped off the cloth. The cloth can
then be used for prayer even if traces of the blood can be seen. Touching the perineal area of one self or someone
else nullifies ablution. This also applies if the perineum is of a child or an animal.
2.0 PENILE SECRETIONS
Semen or seminal fluid contains sperms and seminal plasma. The seminal plasma consists of fluids and materials needed
to maintain the viability of the spermatozoa. The contributions to these fluids are seminal vesicles 60%, the prostate 30%.
The constituents are citric acid, acid phosphatase, calcium, sodium, zinc, potassium, enzymes, and fibrinolysin. The bulbo-urethral
and urethral glands add mucus. Each male ejaculation consists of 2-5 ml and contains
200-300 million sperms.
The Law recognizes three types of penile discharges: seminal fluid, mani,
prostatic discharge, madhi, and urethral discharge, wadi. Semen is not an impurity because it contains sperms that are living human hereditary material. Dry semen
on a cloth is scraped away while the wet one is washed with water and the cloth can be used for prayer. Prostatic or urethral
discharges that occur independently of semen are impurities. Discharge of prostatic fluid necessitates repeat of ablution.
The same applies to discharge of urethral fluid. It should be noted that both prostatic and urethral discharges are normally
impurities anyway because of urinary contamination.
Touching the penis or self or another person nullifies ablution. This is based on the fact that these areas normally
contain impure material.
recommended for males. Only the prepuce is removed. Circumcision is a hygienic measure to prevent accumulation of urethral
discharges and urine under the prepuce that can lead to infection. Circumcision in females is symbolic and should not involve
any genital mutilation of any kind.