under control can pray, fast, and undertake hajj but have to take medication and avoid triggers of attacks.
Salat and hajj may be difficult in advanced
Parkinson’s disease. Demented patients cannot be leaders in salat because
of confabulation. Dementia that does not impair cognition does not exempt from salat,
saum or hajj. Court testimony of elderly demented patients is evaluated in
light memory and cognition. Since dementia is incipient, special tests of competence are needed before court testimony. Dementia
is a reason for exclusion from leadership.
may be associated with paralysis, impaired consciousness, or loss of sensation affecting salat
and hajj obligations. Brain tumors affect salat,
hajj, marriage contracts, and judicial proceedings depending on the severity. Mental clouding from brain infection affects
salat, saum, hajj, and witnessing in court. Spinal cord injuries may lead to quadriplegia
and paraplegia that limit movements in salat. Tawaaf is undertaken on a vehicle.
such as myasthenia gravis limits salat movements and may make hajj difficult. Pain from neuropathies may be increased during salat
movements necessitating limiting the movements.
Aphasia and dysphasia affect
conclusion of marriage contracts, witnessing in courts of law, and public leadership duties. Vestibular disturbances necessitate
support to stand in salat and tawaaf.