CONCEPT and METHODS OF MOTIVATION
Motivation can be intrinsic (self motivation), extrinsic (motivation by external rewards),
or reactionary (temporary response to events).
Motivation starts with commitment to an objective. The reward for work is commensurate
with the level of commitment. Any work without commitment is bound to fail.
The best of work is consistent and is continuous. Consistency and continuity are ensured
only in a situation of high motivation.
High job satisfaction is directly related to high motivation. Motivated workers know that
work is an obligation and therefore strive for excellence.
Salary is not an effective motivator. It meets the needs of the worker and family so that
he can devote time and energy to the work and is not a just return for the work. The real reward is the satisfaction of a
job well done and the associated appreciation.
METHODS AND TECHNIQUES OF MOTIVATION
leaders clarify goals, set objectives, consult and respect followers, deal with followers kindly, humanely, and with fairness,
have good 2-way communication, and make followers feel secure.
positive motivating work environment is challenging and meaningful. It has opportunities for advancement, learning and personal
growth. It gives responsibility, independence, and job satisfaction.
motivation is associated with worries, lack of self-confidence, low self-esteem, low self-worth, negative opinions in the
work place, poor working conditions, poor leadership, inequity, and injustice.
reinforcement (appreciation, reward and praise) is a motivator.
reinforcement such as reprimanding demotivates.
should work because they believe not because they receive. Intrinsic rewards are more effective motivators than extrinsic
rewards are task completion, achievement, autonomy, and personal growth. Extrinsic rewards are salary, benefits, and promotions.
MOTIVATION IN THE MEDICAL PROFESSION
are idealistic on entry into medical school and talk about serving the community. On graduation many students think about
material benefits and social status.
physician in a materialistic society is torn between contradictory forces of greed and service. Although service should have
the higher priority, the material rights and privileges of the physician should not be forgotten because he also wants to
live a happy and honorable life.